An electromagnetic braking system is a way of stopping and controlling the speed of the vehicle by converting kinetic energy into electromagnetic energy. This system can be used in cars, airplanes, or any other vehicle that uses wheels to move.
HOW ELECTROMAGNETIC BRAKING SYSTEM WORKS
Electromagnetic braking systems usually work by putting an electric motor inside each wheel and using a magnetic field to turn them around when needed. The motors work in pairs so that if one fails, the other can still move along with the car. By moving the motors, the wheels can break the car. Electromagnetic braking systems use electromagnetic induction, a phenomenon in which an electric current flowing through a conductor creates and reverses magnetic fields.
The electromagnetic field that magnetic brakes create is called a flux field. Magnetic flux is created when current flows from one end of a wire to another, forcing magnetic lines of force to cut across space between them. The stronger the current, the more flux that can be created and used to brake vehicles.
FORMS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC BRAKING SYSTEM
The simplest electromagnetic braking system for use in a car would be something like a large magnet on the ground next to the car and some wires that run to each wheel. To use it, the car would drive over the magnet at a slow speed and then lightly touch the wires just behind each wheel. The current runs through the wire, producing a magnetic field that causes the wheels to stop moving. When you apply light pressure on them, they simply roll over to help slow down.
Another form of the electromagnetic braking system is an AC induction motor located inside of a flywheel. To use this type of braking system, the driver would have to first put the car in neutral gear and push a button on the dashboard next to a wheel. When the button is pressed, it sends electricity from a battery into the induction motor. This turns the motor at high speed until it has slowed down enough to be able to break one of the wheels. The motor’s electromagnetic field pushes the wheel to a stop.
A similar method is the electromagnetic braking system that is used on trains and trucks. The difference with these vehicles is that they have no wheels. Therefore, a different way of braking must be used. When this style of braking system is used, one end of the track has a wheel that spins around and around in order to give power to the vehicle’s drive-shafts, as an engine does in a car. By spinning the wheel, the vehicles can be stopped.
VARIANTS OF ELCTROMAGNETIC SYSTEMS
A variation of the electromagnetic braking system is hybrid adaptive braking. This system uses an onboard computer running a program to decide how fast to slow down a vehicle in order to help save fuel. It will calculate how much energy is being used and adjust how far the car is driven with an electric motor, how fast it drives with an internal combustion engine, or what gear it is in with an automatic transmission. This system may also use other energy sources such as regenerative braking to further reduce energy usage. This type of system could save fuel by drastically slowing down a vehicle when there is little traffic, and then speeding up again to reach a set speed.
There are three main ways in which an electromagnetic braking system can be improved. The first improvement that should be made is that the controller must also have an air conditioning function. When vehicle components are running at high temperatures, they become more prone to failure than normal. Also, the air conditioning function will help to extend the vehicle’s life. Another improvement would be an extended range of operation. Batteries are expensive and should be used only when necessary. It is also very rare for a driver to need the high performance of the electromagnetic braking system when there is nobody behind them and they have nowhere to go. Therefore, it would be a good idea to add an external power supply such as a small generator to convert kinetic energy into electricity so that the batteries could be recharged better and more often. These improvements would allow electromagnetic braking systems to be used in many more vehicles.
Magnetic Suspension System
The next invention on this list is a magnetic suspension system. The device is basically a gyroscope that will change position when the car turns. To use this system, all that is needed are magnets embedded in the road surface. Each axle is mounted with one magnet and each wheel is mounted with another magnet, which allows for the magnetic forces to interact with an electromagnetic brake device mounted at the end of each axle. The magnetic suspension system is designed to automatically change the length and direction of each axle at the wheels when the vehicle turns.
Advanced Speedometer and Brake-control system
Another possible improvement is an advanced speedometer and brake-control system. The most advanced type of system will be able to detect traffic conditions and adjust accordingly by changing the brakes’ sensitivity. This will give a more comfortable ride, as well as improved gas mileage. However, a good speedometer should always be included in any braking system for obvious reasons.
hybrid electromagnetic braking system
Another possible improvement would be to use a hybrid electromagnetic braking system. Some of the electromagnetic braking systems are simple, but they are often unable to operate in cold weather. The solution is a more advanced system that will run as an AC induction motor or a DC motor in normal conditions and switch over to the electromagnet when needed.
The last improvement mentioned here is to produce an electromagnetic braking system for people who are wheelchair-bound or who have other physical disabilities that prevent them from driving a car. The only possible way of doing this without creating a lot of noise would be to install an electromagnetic device in the car’s turn signal or hazard warning lights. Magnetic plates placed on the vehicle’s roof would change direction when certain parts of the road were approaching. When they reached their destination, they would turn again to direct the vehicle toward them. This would create a magnetic wave that would resonate with the electromagnet in an electromagnetic braking system mounted at each wheel and help slow down and stop the car along traffic-free stretches.
There are also more complex electromagnetic braking systems that could be used to make a vehicle stop. These are called wireless or infrared brakes. The infrared brake uses an electrical current to excite a magnetic field that is emitted by any metal object in the path of the wheels. This field slows down those wheels which, in turn, slows down the entire car.
Other electronic braking systems include hydraulic systems and pneumatic systems, which both use pressurized air or water to slow down cars and trucks.
Electromagnetic braking systems are a promising new technology that holds great promise for the future. Not only could they improve fuel consumption and air pollution, but they could also be used in vehicles such as buses and trains that do not have wheels. Even more exciting is the potential that electromagnetic braking systems hold for automobiles. As with many new technology ideas, they have limitations, but they are getting better every year as engineers learn more about them and how to make them work better.
Read Also :